MANUFACTURE OF WOODEN DOUBLE BEAM IN HOME
Do-it-yourself wooden beams manufacturing is a very profitable and profitable business, which everyone can start! A wooden I-beam is primarily used for the manufacture of floors, creating a very strong and high-quality foundation for future flooring.
This type of beam appeared relatively recently, but has already managed to gain favor and popularity among builders. The double tee is successfully used in the frame technology for building country houses, helping to not only speed up, but also reduce the cost of building a house.
WOODEN DOUBLE BEAM BEAM TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
What load can an I-beam support? According to its technical characteristics, a wooden I-beam is in no way inferior to metal and concrete structures, but at the same time it costs several times less.
It is also worth noting how, using the placement of I-beams, you can increase the strength of floors. For instance:
Nearby (horizontally) 2 I-beams summarize their tensile strength. That is, if one beam can withstand 300 kg, then paired with the same beam, the ceiling will withstand 600 kg.
The beams located one on top of the other (vertically) are able to withstand 4 times the load. That is, if you put one beam with a strength of 300 kg, and on top the same and fix them together, then in a pair they already withstand a weight of 1200 kg.
I-beam load table:
Span Size Distance between beams Beam section
(height x width) in mm.
0.5 m. 150×10
0.5 m. 200×100
0.5 m. 250×150
0.5 m. 250×180
0.5 m. 300×200
Note. All data are calculated based on the load on the floor of about 400 kg / m2.
Of course, when calculating, you still need to consider:
quality of materials;
the frequency of laying beams;
If you want to save some money on building your own home or to go into the business of selling I-beams, then you should remember that there is nothing particularly complicated in making this type of flooring at home. Wooden I-beams for interfloor and attic floors allow you to complete the whole process with your own hands. Indeed, the overlapping of wooden beams is performed without the use of cranes and other auxiliary equipment. The whole process can be performed by one master independently. This redraw – does not hold together and has many other advantages.
TYPES OF WOODEN I-BEAM BEAMS
Types of beams.
First, let’s get acquainted with the variety of the assortment of this building material. The following series of I-beams are distinguished:
BDK (I-beam glued). Used in the construction of houses with short spans.
BDKU, BDKU-L. Such beams have wide stiffening ribs, are characterized by high strength and the presence of a large area for nail fasteners.
SDKU, SDKU-L. This I-beam is the foundation of the wall frame.
BDKSH, BDKSH-L. The wide beam is used in buildings with very long spans. It can also be used as rafters.
SDKSH, SDKSH-L. The beam is applicable for the manufacture of wall panels.
WOODEN DOUBLE BEAM WITH HANDS
I-beam in construction.
For a successful start, you need a tape measure, a circular saw, glue on wood, a channel, clamps and a grinding machine. The main materials for the manufacture will be glued beams and plywood, which can be replaced with OSB (Oriented Chipboard).
Glued beams are easy to get in any construction stores. It is characterized by increased lightness, reliability and durability, malleable in processing, so it is ideal for the manufacture of wooden I-beams.
Strong plywood or OSB will be needed for the manufacture of a central stiffener, which will be inserted from both sides into the prepared glued beam.
How to make an I-beam wooden beam with your own hands:
In the lower and upper glued beams, previously cut into equal segments of the desired length, we cut a groove of the appropriate depth. So it turns out the base of our beam.
Then a stiffener is prepared. Make sure that there are no defects or irregularities on its edges. If available, either sand the rib or replace with a new one.
The last step is fixing the stiffeners in the grooves cut in the beam. For this, special glue is used, which ensures reliable fastening of the elements to each other.
After that, make sure that the beams are completely at rest during drying. Moving and carrying them at this time is strictly prohibited!
In the manufacturing process there will be enough sawdust to parallel to the production of fuel briquettes.